October is here,这意味着设计师和插画家们得到了包括头骨的额外借口，zombies and monsters in their work with the arrival of Halloween.按照这一步一步的AdobeIllustrator教程创建一个手绘僵尸插图。我们将使用一张照片作为基本参考，然后使用我们的Wacom平板电脑和Illustrator的矢量画笔工具在我们的僵尸角色上绘制各种可怕的元素。
I've never been much of a hand-drawn Illustrator myself but I've always admired the style of artwork and researched into the techniques often used.In this tutorial we'll look at how Illustrator's brushes can be used to create crisp vector linework to achieve that digital inked appearance.我们将在整个教程中使用笔式平板电脑，因此我们将了解线条粗细的变化如何帮助建立艺术作品中的对比度和细节区域。
Even the pro artists sometimes struggle to achieve spot on proportions when drawing human faces or bodies.For our artwork we'll use a stock photograph as a reference.寻找一个合适的形象的人在“尖叫”或“叫喊”的姿态。Go to File > Place to import the image to Illustrator,turn down the opacity to around 30% then lock it into place (CMD+2).
The method used in this tutorial is the hand-drawn technique using a Wacom pen tablet.使用矢量形状或鼠标绘制的画笔是完全可能的，但本指南将涵盖手动演示的步骤。双击画笔工具并将设置更改为1px保真度和0%平滑度。Make sure none of the options are active.
Double click the default small round brush in the Brushes palette to change its options.将“直径”选项更改为“压力”，并将变化增加到最大值。这将允许我们根据笔的压力来改变管线的重量。
Select a cyan stroke colour for the brush,然后开始粗略地在参考照片上勾勒出一个邪恶的僵尸形象。使用面部特征作为指导，但添加更锐利的线条，以形成侵略性的外观。
利用你的想象力包括一些可怕的特征，比如暴露的僵尸大脑或者撕裂的肉体。The detail of the sketch can be very rough and basic at this stage.用笔自由流动，不必担心错误，就在上面画。
Group all the blue linework that makes up the rough sketch,change the opacity to 30% then lock it into place.We'll now use this blue sketch as a guide for the main artwork.
Use the same brush settings but this time with a black stroke to begin illustrating the final linework.它可以很容易地保持在粗略的草图模式，但尽量花时间使每一行尽可能整洁。
Work outwards from a key area such as an eye and try to include variances in weight with every line by adjusting the pressure with the pen.
将手放在Cmd+Z快捷键上，以撤消不需要的行。Use heavier weight lines around the outline of the artwork while keeping the finer details much lighter.
Aim to draw lots of short lines rather than long flowing outlines.The short lines are much easier to draw with the limited space on the tablet surface and the tails of the lines help achieve that traditional inked appearance.
使用Illustrator的Blob画笔用实心填充填充封闭区域。The brush tool creates individual stroked lines,而斑点画笔将创建一个实体形状。
Finish off drawing in the linework until you're happy with the final appearance.Don't forget you could make duplicates of the artwork at various stages.例如，如果你不确定你的作品需要多少细节，复制一份，然后比较两者。
Once the final inking is complete group together the elements and move them to one side to see a clear view of the linework alone.
该插图目前由数百个笔画组成。Go to Object > Expand Appearance to convert the paths into solid shapes.
插图仍然由许多单独的元素组成，so use the Merge option from the Pathfinder palette to blend all the shapes together.
The final artwork is now made up of one solid object,making it much easier to change colour.切换大纲模式（Cmd+Y）以清除从画笔笔画转换为形状时可能创建的任何微小的杂散形状。
Our gruesome zombie illustration is now ready to be used in your next apparel or poster design.